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Thursday, April 28, 2022
Expert calls for public health measures to improve diet, reduce cancer risk
APRIL 28, 2022

by Joe Dangor, Mayo Clinic

A review article by Mayo Clinic researchers emphasizes that early-onset colorectal cancer, defined as being diagnosed when younger than 50, continues to steadily increase in the U.S. and other higher-income countries. This increase, along with a decline in later-onset cases due primarily to screening has shifted the median  ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
Study identifies causes of cancer
APRIL 27, 2022
by Yale School of Public Health


A team of Yale-led researchers can now quantify the factors causing changes in the DNA that contribute most to cancer growth in tumors of most major tumor types.


They write in a new paper, published in Molecular Biology and Evolution, that their new molecular analysis approach brings clarity to a longstanding deb  ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
Mayo Clinic Minute: Improved treatments for head and neck cancer
APRIL 26, 2022
by Jason Howland

April is Sexually Transmitted Infections Awareness Month. About 70% of cancers in the oropharynx, which includes the tonsils, soft palate, and base of the tongue, are linked to the HPV virus, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. So it's important to talk to your health care team about the HPV vaccine, especiall  ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
A combination of three simple treatments may reduce invasive cancer risk by 61% among adults aged 70+
APRIL 25, 2022
by Frontiers

A new study published in Frontiers in Aging found that a combination of high-dose vitamin D, omega-3s, and a simple home strength exercise program (SHEP) showed a cumulative reduction of 61% in cancer risk in healthy adults aged 70 or older. It is the first study to test the combined benefit of three affordable public health interventions  ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
Consumer Health: Reducing your risk of esophageal cancer
APRIL 20, 2022
by Laurel Kelly

April is Esophageal Cancer Awareness Month, which makes this a good time to learn what you can do to reduce your risk of developing esophageal cancer.


Approximately 20,640 new cases of esophageal cancer?16,510 in men and 4,130 in women?will be diagnosed in the U.S. this year, and 16,410 people?13,250 men and 3,160 women?will die f  ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
Tumors partially destroyed with sound don't come back
APRIL 18, 2022
by University of Michigan

Noninvasive sound technology developed at the University of Michigan breaks down liver tumors in rats, kills cancer cells, and spurs the immune system to prevent further spread—an advance that could lead to improved cancer outcomes in humans.


By destroying only 50% to 75% of liver tumor volume, the rats' immune systems w  ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
Learning which genetic changes predict the greatest risk of cancer death
APRIL 15, 2022
by Isabella Backman, Yale University


In the face of cancer, oncologists face a dual epidemic of overtreatment and undertreatment. Treating the disease often involves harsh chemotherapies and other interventions with extensive side effects. As a result, clinicians might delay treating a growth that looks harmless until it becomes life-threatening and  ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
Using artificial intelligence to diagnose cancer
APRIL 14, 2022
by Victoria University of Wellington

During her Ph.D., Dr. Qurrat Ul Ain developed a computer-aided diagnostic system that can identify certain characteristics of the disease from a photograph of a skin lesion.


"Skin cancer has certain unique visual features that help to differentiate it from normal skin," Dr. Qurrat Ul Ain says. "These include c  ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
New insights into the mechanisms that enable cancer cells to metastasize
APRIL 12, 2022
by Greta Friar, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Cancer is at its most deadly when it spreads and forms tumors in new tissues. This process, called metastasis, is responsible for the vast majority of cancer deaths, and yet there is still a lot that researchers do not know about how and when it happens. Whitehead Institute founding member Ro  ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
Cancer treatment and diagnosis backlogs during COVID-19 may affect cancer survival
APRIL 11, 2022
by Timothy P Hanna, The Conversation

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cancer patients includes delayed diagnosis, deferred tests, and treatment delays.

Unlike the COVID-19 pandemic, the cancer pandemic has raged on for centuries, though it similarly afflicts people in all corners of the world. In 2020 alone, over 19 million people were diagn  ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
New CAR T-cell therapy for solid tumors was safe and showed early efficacy
APRIL 10, 2022
by American Association for Cancer Research

A new chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product had an acceptable safety profile and showed early signs of efficacy as a monotherapy and in combination with an mRNA vaccine in patients with solid tumors, according to preliminary data from a phase I/II clinical trial presented during the AACR Annual Meet  ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
Lumpectomy as effective as mastectomy for young women with breast cancer
APRIL 7, 2022
by Amy Norton

Breast cancers that arise before age 40 tend to be more aggressive. But young women who undergo "breast-conserving" surgery are just as likely to survive as those who have a mastectomy, a preliminary study finds.


The study involved nearly 600 women under age 40 who were treated for breast cancer at one medical center. Some underwent   ...more
Thursday, April 28, 2022
New molecule holds promise in potential therapies for cancer and rare diseases
APRIL 6, 2022

by University of California, Irvine

Researchers at the University of California, Irvine, and the Italian Institute of Technology have developed a new molecule, ALY101, that shows promising anti-cancer activity against a wide range of tumor cell types and in mouse models of a common type of melanoma. The findings, "Structure-based Design of CDC42 Effe  ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
Vaccine protects most cancer patients from COVID, but risk remains higher for patients with blood cancers
APRIL 5, 2022
by Indiana University

Using the nation's largest COVID-19 data resource, a researcher at the Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Comprehensive Cancer Center found the COVID-19 vaccine protected most cancer patients from getting COVID. However, patients with certain types of cancer have a higher and widely varied risk of breakthrough COVID infectio  ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
Exercise could help reduce severity of serious cancer complication
April 4, 2022
Exercise could help reduce severity of serious cancer complication
by Experimental Biology

A new study has identified yet another benefit of keeping up your exercise routine. In experiments performed with mice, researchers found that exercising prior to developing cancer was associated with slower tumor growth and helped reduce the effects of a cancer  ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
Antioxidant, inflammation levels may reveal new diagnostic tool for breast cancer
APRIL 3, 2022
by Experimental Biology


A new study that analyzes levels of antioxidants and stress markers in the blood could lead to a new diagnostic tool for breast cancer. The research will be presented this week in Philadelphia at the American Physiological Society's (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2022.


Breast cancer is the most prevalent can  ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
Omega-3s could boost immunotherapy's cancer-fighting powe
APRIL 1, 2022r
by Experimental Biology

Findings from a new study performed in mice suggest that omega-3 fatty acids could help immunotherapy and other treatments do a better job at fighting cancer. Immunotherapies, which stimulate the body's own immune system to attack cancer, have revolutionized cancer treatment, but they don't work for every patient.

"Dietary i  ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
New gene targets for treating adult blood cancer
MARCH 31, 2022
by Hokkaido University

New gene targets for treating adult blood cancer

Hokkaido University scientists have identified new targets for treating an aggressive form of adult leukemia with existing drugs. The findings were published in the journal Blood.


Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is an aggressive form of blood cancer that is linked   ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
Colon cancer is on the rise in younger adults
MARCH 30, 2022
by Emily Mullin

A little over a year ago, Shannon Gregg noticed she was going to the bathroom more frequently and decided to see a gastroenterologist.


Her doctor thought it was probably just stress, which often causes bowel dysfunction. After all, Gregg was an otherwise healthy 45-year-old. He ran some tests but nothing seemed amiss, except that   ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
Study finds 10-second videos can predict blood cancer relapse
MARCH 29, 2022
by Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Study finds 10-second videos predict blood cancer relapse

In a new study from Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 10-second videos of white blood cell motion in the skin's microvasculature greatly improved the prediction of which stem cell and bone marrow transplant patients would have a relapse of their bl  ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
Test can personalize use of immunotherapy and chemotherapy for head and neck cancer
MARCH 28, 2022
by Institute of Cancer Research

Test can personalise use of immunotherapy and chemotherapy for head and neck cancer

Matching cancer patients to treatment based on their levels of a key immune protein may allow doctors to select those who would benefit most from the combination of immunotherapy and chemotherapy, researchers report.


Their study   ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
Outcomes better with open hysterectomy for early cervical cancer
MARCH 25, 2022

Open surgery for radical hysterectomy offers early-stage cervical cancer patients a lower recurrence rate and a higher disease-free survival rate at 4.5 years than a minimally invasive surgical approach, according to the final results of the Laparoscopic Approach to Cervical Cancer (LACC) study presented at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology's Annual   ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
Searching for a cure for deadly brain tumors
MARCH 24, 2022
by Tim Tedeschi, University of Cincinnati

Searching for a cure for deadly brain tumors

A new clinical trial at the University of Cincinnati is studying the effectiveness of a new two-pronged immunotherapy treatment procedure to treat the most aggressive and deadly type of brain tumors, called glioblastomas. Originating from healthy brain cells, gli  ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
Novel therapeutic strategy shows promise against pancreatic cancer
MARCH 23, 2022
by Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Novel therapeutic strategy shows promise against pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer is notoriously difficult to cure or even treat. Now, a new strategy devised by scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine has succeeded in making pancreatic tumors visible to the immune systems of mice and vulnerable to  ...more
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
Researchers use ultrasound to predict ovarian cancer
MARCH 22, 2022
by Radiological Society of North America

Researchers use ultrasound to predict ovarian cancer

The appearance of ovarian lesions on ultrasound is an effective predictor of cancer risk that can help women avoid unnecessary surgery, according to a new study published in the journal Radiology.


Ovarian cancer is the deadliest of the gynecologic can  ...more
Tuesday, March 22, 2022
Spinal fluid analysis could speed up diagnosis of breast cancer spread
MARCH 21, 2022
by Institute of Cancer Research

Analyzing cancer DNA in spinal fluid could speed up and improve the diagnosis of breast cancer which has spread to the brain and spinal cord, according to a new pilot study.


The type of test, known as a liquid biopsy, is more accurate than current methods used to diagnose this type of breast cancer, where it has sp  ...more
Tuesday, March 22, 2022
Daily multivitamin does not cut cancer incidence in older adults
MARCH 18, 2022

(HealthDay)—A daily multivitamin-multimineral (MVM) does not reduce the incidence of total invasive cancer, and cocoa extract does not reduce total cardiovascular events in older adults, according to two study reports published online March 16 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.


Howard D. Sesso, Sc.D., M.P.H., from Brigham and Women's H  ...more
Tuesday, March 22, 2022
A potential new target for cancer immunotherapies
MARCH 16, 2022
by Weill Cornell Medical College


Tumors can use an enzyme called ART1 to thwart antitumor immune cells, making the enzyme a promising new target for immunity-boosting cancer treatments, according to a study from researchers at Weill Cornell Medicine and Albert Einstein College of Medicine.


In the study, published Mar. 16 in Science Translationa  ...more
Tuesday, March 22, 2022
Regular exercise, healthy diet could improve odds of surviving cancer and reduce risk of recurrence
MARCH 16, 2022
by Adrianna MacPherson, University of Alberta


Engaging in regular physical activity and following a healthy diet could help cancer survivors increase their likelihood of long-term survival and reduce the odds of their cancer coming back, according to the American Cancer Society's newly released guidelines for cancer survivors.


"From a cancer pa  ...more
Tuesday, March 22, 2022
Endometriosis and ovarian cancer genetically tied
MARCH 15, 2022
by University of Queensland


University of Queensland researchers have demonstrated a genetic link between endometriosis and ovarian cancer subtypes enabling them to identify potential drug targets for therapy and increasing the understanding of both diseases.


Previous studies have shown that endometriosis sufferers have a slightly increased ris  ...more
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